The table saw is one of the most used modern tools in a wood shop; and more specifically, it’s like the soul of the shop. A wood shop or a wood workshop can’t be imagined without a table saw! You’re here because you have an interest in it and you want to know more. Well, we’re here to help you. In this guide, we’ll try to answer all of your possible questions to use a table saw and related. Here we go-
What Is a Table Saw?
I know, it’s a little bit annoying to introduce table saw as because you know about it, I believe! But as we starting to write a guide about the table saw, so we should add a proper introduction section first to continue. The table saw is a woodcutting tool which has an arbor mounted circular saw blade. The blade runs with the built-in motor power. Through the surface of the table, the blade protrudes and provides cutting support easily.
There is also the option to move the blade up & down in order to adjust the depth of the cutting. In some table saw, the arbor and blade are fixed and the table is movable to adjust the cutting depth. Actually, you’ll find many different types of table saw out there. The different model comes with different features, abilities, preferences and cutting settings.
What Are the Table Saw Used for?
Though the main work of a table saw is to cut wood pieces in the wood workshop, but this machine is used for several purposes too. Let’s see how a table saw can be used for-
DIY & Craft Project: Though the table saws are found mainly in the wood workshop, a lot of people use this for personal uses, such as making DIY or craft projects. To achieve the best result in DIY & craft projects, you need the proper and effective tools. And the table saw is one of them. A huge number of DIY and craft projects are made out of wood and you need to get the perfect shape of the wood piece in order to make it perfect. In this case, you must have a table saw. Smaller table saw is better for personal uses.
Wood Workshop: The first and main purpose of a table saw is to cut wood, and the wood workshops need it mostly to do that because, in a wood workshop, every piece of wood need to be cut to produce the required shape of wood for the furniture pieces. You’ll find a table saw in every wood workshop. A wood workshop can’t be run without a saw.
Other Uses: I mentioned two of the major purposes above. Besides those, a table saw isn’t used basically. But you know what; you can still find it useful! How? Well, we often need some specific pieces of wood in order to fix out broken furniture pieces. It is a matter of some bulks if you go to a workshop or call them to fix that. But if have a table saw, then you can fix your own pieces of stuff easily. It saves a lot of your valuable bulks.
How Much Does a Table Saw Cost?
When you ask us about the price of a table saw, we can’t mention it in a word simply. That’s because there are a lot of table saws available in the market with various sizes and categories. They come in different price ranges. Give us a moment to give you a proper idea about how does a table saw usually cost. You can check our Complete Reviews on Best Table Saws of 2018 with the comparison chart.
Portable Table Saw:
The portable table saw can be moved from one place to another place easily. It’s perfect for the DIY and Craftsmen and personal uses. The price range of the portable table saw is around $250-$700.
Bench-top Table Saw:
It’s a heavy duty type table saw which is mainly found in the wood workshop. The price of this type saw starts at around $150 and you can also find one for over $1000. It depends on size and workability.
Contractor Table Saw:
This is another heavy duty table saw type. The price range of this type is from around $450 to $2000. It’s perfect for heavy-duty workshops and works.
Cabinet Table Saw:
The cabinet table saw a beast in the table saw category. The price range of the saw is from over a thousand dollars to almost $3500. It’s made for doing the heaviest tasks.
Hybrid Table Saw:
The hybrid table saw is basically a mid-range saw with medium work-ability. The price range of the type is from $1000 to $2000. It’s perfect for the medium wood workshops.
Mini & Micro Table Saw:
The mini & micro table saws are made for the DIY & Craftsmen and for light work. You can find a mini or micro table saw form $50 to $500.
How to Use a Table Saw: Complete Guide
This is the most important part to use the table saw safely. When you are willing to get a table saw, you must know the table saw using strategy properly. Here, we have tried to include the steps of the usages of the table saw. Hope, you’ll able to use the saw safely after reading this. Let’s go-
Step 01- Safety Warning:
The table saw is equipped with dangerous equipment pieces. So, first & foremost, you need to be safe, because of safety first. Don’t be afraid to use this powerful tool, but never be careless too. Always wear your safety gears and pay your attention during working. Never underestimate this machine because it’s highly dangerous and can be the cause of your serious injury. Read out the user manual before starting working with the saw.
Step 02- Know about the Parts of It Properly:
Before using the table saw, you should have a clear idea about the parts and works of them of the saw so that you can be careful and use it properly. Short description of the major parts of a table saw is given below-
Table: The table is placed at the base of the saw. The saw is included with the table and table surface is the workplace of the table saw.
Fence: The fence is a long guide which is placed parallel to the saw blade and keeps a constant distance from the blade during work.
Fence Dog: The fenced dog is used to lock the fence in the required level. Lift this hand to move the fence and when you get the desired level, just firmly press it down.
Blade: This is the main part of the saw obviously. The blade is placed on the table and does a circular motion fast to cut off.
Blade height Adjustment Wheel: This when is used to adjust the height of the blade to do the cut perfectly.
Blade Angle Adjustment Lever: This lever is used for adjusting the blade angle of the blade to cut as you need.
Power Button: The power button turns the machine on when you pull the button.
Step 03- Cutting Types:
In a table saw, you’re able to cut in 3 different types generally. In order to cut your pieces of wood perfectly, you first have to know about these basic 3 cutting types. They are-
Cross Cut: The crosscut is the cut across the grain. You can cut the wood pieces across the really narrow or broad direction. It is considered as the basic cut.
Ripping Cut: The ripping cut goes down of the board’s length. You need to adjust the fence to the right level to get the desired cut.
Dado Cut: The dado cut is basically a wide cut which is used in joinery most often. The cut depends on the fence or the miter gauge. There are also extra blades available for more accurate and quick cut.
Step 04- Setting up the Blade Height:
The right set of the blade is the precondition to get a perfect cut. There are mainly 2 different schools of thought on blade setting. The first one is to set up the blade slightly higher (about 1/8 inch) than the wood or the materials which are needed to be cut. This is quite easy to cut the wood pieces in the depth you need; and obviously, with safety. It’s safe because full have a clear vision of the blade and wood pieces. This method causes more tear out and kickback because the teeth of the blades hit the wood pieces horizontally.
The second one is to set up the blade above well. This method reduces tear out but it’s more dangerous than the first one. That’s because, in this method, the blade remains above enough and if you slip, unfortunately, you’ll have more damage because of the blade. This method is recommended for experienced persons. And still, you need to pay attention during the work.
Step 05- Angled Cut:
With a table saw, you can make 2 different types of angled cut generally. The first one is done by the miter gauge with the right setting and relate to the plane of the saw blade. Set up the miter gauge with the desired angle and proceed to cut in order to make this angled cut.
For the second angled cut, you need to tilt the saw blade over to accomplish the job. This cut is also related to the place of the blade. Angle changing lever is needed to adjust to do this cut.
Step 06- Fence Adjustment:
The fence is used to cut your wood piece accurately lengthwise. It’s controlled by the fenced dog or the lever. In order to adjust the width of the cut, lift the fenced dog or the lever. The blade will slide side by side to readjust the width. And don’t forget to raise the saw blade a little bit. Because it’s easier to cut and measure when you have a clear vision on the blade. Adjust the fence at a different level to get your desired cuttings.
Step 07- Inserting & Changing the Blade:
There are different blades for different types of cut. You should use the right blade for the perfect cut. The table saw generally uses 1/8 inch to 10-inch blades in diameter. As you need to change the blade as required, you must know how to change/ insert them in a table saw.
To insert the blade, simply lift the front or push in the back and make sure the front is up. You’ll find a tab there, under the table. Insert the blade there, tighten the arbor nuts, and close the cabinet.
To change the blade, open the cabinet first. Then take a scrap piece of wood. Now, hold the wood against the currently using blade’s teeth. Now loosen the arbor nuts by using a wrench and lift the old blade. After that, place the new blade and tighten the arbor nuts. Close the cabinet and test the machine if it works well.
If the teeth of the blades got damaged, then you won’t get the perfect cuts. So, check the blade regularly and change, if you find any damage.
Step 08- Cutting:
The final step of using a table saw is cutting. I mentioned above, there are different cuttings. To cut out a cross cut, mark the cutting directly on the wood piece by using the right measuring tool. Now set up the blade height and turn the saw on. Now hold the workpiece firmly and take it to the sled/ miter gauge. Advance the wood piece through the blade smoothly and slowly. After finishing the cutting, turn the machine off. Remember, DO NOT use the fence and the sled/ miter gauge at the same time. It’s dangerous and may cause blinding.
To perform a ripping cut, first of all, adjust the blade height and the fence. Now, turn the machine on and force advance the wood piece through the blade with enough force that requires. A force is required to hold the wood piece and to make sure the accurate cutting. After finishing, turn the power off.