Comparing Film and Digital Cameras
Digital cameras have many advantages over traditional cameras. Some of these advantages are:
* After instantly reviewing the picture, it can be retaken if there is a problem. The photographer simply changes a few settings.
* Taking many shots of the same thing using different settings and angles can be done inexpensively, and you print only the best ones. This is too expensive to accomplish with film cameras.
* Those who want to take hundreds of photos for various uses without printing them can do this at minimal cost.
* Storing large quantities of digital media on the newer computers is much cheaper than film.
* No degradation occurs when copying images from one medium to another.
* You can view pictures on your computer without having to scan them first.
* With a consumer-grade printer and a computer, you can print your own photos.
* Film cameras of equal quality are often much larger than digital cameras.
* While it is necessary to change film after 24 to 36 shots, you can store hundreds of images on the same card in a digital camera.
* With many of the new cameras, you can view your photos on the television with an AV-out function that is included.
* It is easy and inexpensive to experiment with the settings on a digital camera. With a film camera, you could use up many rolls of film trying to learn to use it.
* Some printers can communicate directly with your camera, or its memory card; you don't need a computer to print your pictures.
* Digital cameras make it easy to add information to your pictures, such as time and date.
* Sharper images are now possible with digitals due to the anti-shake tools, making tripods nearly obsolete.
* A color darkroom is as close as your computer, and you can now avoid the very expensive photo labs.
Buying a Digital Camera
The price of digital cameras has been lowered dramatically as the popularity increases. You can now purchase a digital camera for anywhere from $30 to $400. As always, remember that you get what you pay for, and don't expect to get top quality photos from a cheap camera; you may end up disappointed!
There are many types of digital cameras on the market, and it will help if you know what they are when you start to shop. Some of the newest models are Digital SLR, Electronic View Finders, and Range Finders.
Digital SLRs are very much like film-loaded cameras. A series of mirrors and prisms control the optical path to produce a digital image on the LCD screen. You actually see what you are photographing when you look through the lens.
Electronic View Finders and Range Finders work much like a video camera, and optical view finder controls the picture instead of a lens. You don't look through a lens to take a picture; instead, you are looking at a digital image.
Many of these cameras have the technology to allow video footage; therefore, it is enabled by the manufacturer. You can shoot up to three minutes of video footage depending on the quality of the digital camera you are using. Your new camera should have at least 2 megapixels resolution; anything up to 8 MP will provide great shots. 1.9-2.5 MP seems to be standard on today's market, but you can get more than 8 MP in some cameras on the professional market. Any less than 2 megapixels with frequently create poor-quality pictures that are fuzzy and blurred.
Ask to see samples of the pictures taken by that specific camera before you buy, and check the focus and zoom. The quality of the lens will make a big difference in your photos, so be sure it has a good lens. Another important item on your digital camera is a flash; without this, you will not be able to take pictures inside. Understand all of the features and controls before you purchase your new digital camera. It can be confusing to remember how it works when you get the camera home if you don't understand how each feature works.
Choosing the Best Digital Camera
Today's digital cameras have gone way beyond just point and shoot. They come with dozens of features, meaning you can customize your camera to your specific needs.
Some of the things you will want to look into when purchasing your camera are confusing, so make sure you know what you are looking for when you go shopping.
The quality of the resolution of your photos is determined by the megapixels (mps) of your camera. Tiny dots called pixels make up your digital photos; a megapixel means 1,000 pixels, or 1,000 dots.
The higher the number of pixels your camera has, the better the resolution of your photos. If you want to crop your pictures or plan on printing larger prints, you need to be sure you purchase a camera that can meet those needs.
Optical or digital zooms are available on digital cameras. Optical zoom is like the one on a traditional camera and works the same way -- it goes out, bringing you closer, or in, to take you further away from the subject. A digital zoom takes the picture as it is and enlarges it; this can lose image quality because it is simply enlarging the pixels (dots) of the picture. Pictures may seem blurry or out of focus.
Preserving the image quality can be as simple as turning off the digital zoom feature on your camera. Later, during editing, you can zoom in on a specific part of the photo with much better results. A manual focus can be a great deal of fun, allowing you to focus in and make different parts of the photo stand out. This allows for a lot of creativity in
your work. And most cameras still have an autofocus, so you can go back to the basics if your aren't feeling extremely creative.
Think about the features that are important to you and look for those features. One important thing to remember is that you will be carrying it around, so consider the size when you purchase your camera.
Advantages of Digital Cameras
There are many advantages when comparing digital photography to traditional film cameras. These include:
* Data can be stored on the image including date and time, type of camera, film speed and shutter speed (this is great for vacations); this assists in reviewing photos at a later date.
* The use of a tripod is all but eliminated due to the anti-shake tools in digital cameras.
* You can capture hundreds of photos for emailing and graphic uses without the need to print all of them and scan them into your computer.
* You print only the pictures you want, so you can take a lot of pictures. And, by changing the settings slightly, you can take as many shots as you want choosing only the best quality to keep.
* Storing photos on a computer is a lot cheaper than storing them on film, and they are much easier to access.
* With a consumer-grade printer, you can communicate directly with your camera or its memory card and print your own pictures.
* You can immediately view your pictures. If you don't like the picture, just take it over again!
* Film cameras are much larger than digital cameras with equal quality.
* Without the expense of developing film, you can experiment with the settings on a digital camera, allowing you to learn new techniques with no additional cost.
* Film cameras require a change of film every 24 to 36 pictures, with digital photography you can store hundreds of images on the same media device.
* Digital cameras can now be hooked up to your television, allowing you to review your photos with an audience.
* You have a home color darkroom for editing your pictures without the expense of a darkroom and its many chemicals.
* No more scanning of photos to view them on your computer.
* You don't have to pay the high cost of film processing and store many, many rolls of film and photographs.